Glossary

StepChange Global Digital and Integrated Operations glossary

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There are currently 340 names in this directory
4IRC
Fourth Industrial Revolution Center (Saudi Aramco acronym)

For more information, see the Saudi Aramco article at Fourth Industrial Revolution Center

4V
Big Data is classified in terms of:
1. Volume
2. Velocity
3. Variety
4. Veracity
Some also include Value as a classification

AAET
Advanced Analytics and Emerging Technologies (legacy Anadarko, now Occidental Petroleum (Oxy) acronym)

The AAET digtalization and data analytics initiative is discussed in the SPE JPT here and here

Anadarko's Real-Time Drilling AAET initiative is featured in a youtube video here



ACE
Advanced Collaboration Environment (a BP acronym)

The Advanced Collaborative Environment (ACE) Programme was BP's strategic global implementation of ‘Real Time' Production and Drilling Operations Support Environments. ACE's were a key theme within the BP Field of the Future strategy.

See example SPE technical papers 20400-MS, 100113-MS, 106982-MS, 107035-MS, 112196-MS, 123101-MS, 123801-MS, 128650-MS, 138595-MS for further technical details

ADE
Asset Decision Environment (Chevron acronym)

Chevron and SAIC implemented asset decision environments (ADEs) across their global business units as part of the Chevron i-field initiative.

See example SPE technical papers 112215-MS, 112260-MS, 115367-MS, 149668-MS for further technical details


ADSEC
Advanced Drilling Simulation and Engineering Center (CNOOC acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 180685-MS for further technical details

ADT
Applied Drilling Technology  drilling optimization services (Halliburton acronym)

ADU
Automated drilling units (Gazprom Neft acronym)


Analytics
Analytics  is defined as the field of data analysis.  Analytics often involved studying past historical data to research potential trends, to analyse the effects of certain decisions or events, or to evaluate the performance of a given tool or scenario.  The goal of analytics is to improve the business by gaining knowledge which can be used to make improvements or changes.

Definition provided by Priori Analytica

ANN (or NN)
Artificial neural network (or neural network)

APC
Advanced Process Control (BP acronym)

APC uses mathematical models derived from a refinery site’s data to find the optimal operation parameters

APEX
APEX is BPs digital twin of their simulation and surveillance system (BP acronym)

APEX is discussed in the SPE JPT here

APEX is featured in a youtube video here


ART
(1) Assembly, Repair and Testing Centre (Petroleum Development Oman LLC (PDO) and Schlumberger acronym)

(2) Advanced Rig Technology, an IADC drilling automation initiative

ARTE
Advantage Real-Time Engineer (Baker Hughes acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 112086-MS for further technical details  

ASDKU
Automated remote control and management system (Tatneft acronym, from Russian)

Please see OIJ technical paper OIJ-2017-10-120-124-RU for further technical details (NB in Russian)

BEACON
Baker Expert Advisory Center Operations Network (a Baker Hughes acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 78336-MS for further technical details

BGS
The MOTIVE Drilling Technologies  Bit Guidance System uses cognitive computing algorithms to guide the directional drilling process in real-time

MOTIVE Drilling Technologies are discussed in the SPE JPT here


BHP
(1) Bottom hole pressure

(2) Broken Hill Proprietary Company Limited (BHP)

BI
Business Intelligence comprises the strategies, workflows and technologies used by organisations for the analysis of their business data, information and knowledge.

BI can provide organistions with an overview and insight into legacy, current, and future business operations and strategic performance.

Big data
Big data is a field of mathematics comprising methods of analyzing and extracting unknown information from data sets too large and / or complex to be addressed by traditional data-processing methods and software technologies

Big Data Analytics
Big data analytics compises the analysis of large data volumes (i.e. big data) gathered from a wide variety of disparate sources in order to uncover relationships, patterns and connections that might otherwise be invisible

Blockchain
Blockchain is an open, distributed ledger that can efficiently record transactions between two parties in a secure, verifiable and permanent way

Totals implementation of blockchain technology is described here

BOC
Brisbane Operations Center (Santos Ltd acronym)

BOEM
Bureau of Ocean Energy Management  manage the development of United States Outer Continental Shelf  (OCS) energy and mineral resources

BOP
Blow Out Preventer

BP-ICAM
BP International Center for Advanced Materials is the BP fundamental and applied materials science research centre

Bridge Center
Shell’s onshore control room (CR) is located in New Orleans, Louisiana, and is known as the Bridge Center, or Bridge.

The Bridge is an integrated operations (IO) facility designed to monitor the Shell deep water offshore production activities in the Americas.

The Bridge is somewhat separate and distinct from the Shell asset linked integrated operations centers (IOC).

BSEE
Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement, the US federal agency tasked with (i) improving safety and (ii) ensuring environmental protection with respect to the offshore energy industry

BU
Business Unit

Capability Maturity Model


CAS
Collision Avoidance System is a mining term, defined by the US Department of Labor Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) as a system that "Provides Equipment Operators with an Awareness of the Location of Nearby Personnel, Light Vehicles, Stationary Structures, and Other Pieces of Equipment through Display Screen in the Operator’s Compartment and through Audible and Visible Alarms", in addition, the CAS "can take Control of the Mobile Equipment to Slow Down or Stop it Before an Accident can Occur"

Please see the MSHA slide presentation here

CAVE
Computer Analysis and Visualization Environment (other CAVE definitions are also used in oil and gas)


CCR (also CR)
Central Control Room

Total describe their CCR in the Netherlands here

also Control Room

CDF
Critical Drilling Facility (legacy Amoco acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 14732-MS for further technical details

CERA

CHPC
Center for High Performance Computing (BP acronym)

The CHPC is discussed here

CIM-TBM
Centro Integrado de Monitoramento de Turbomáquinas (CIM-TBM), translated as the Integrated Center for Monitoring Turbo Machinery (Petrobras acronym)

The CIM-TBM facility uses diagnostic algorithms to evaluate the performance conditions of remote turbo machinery, enabling remedial and preventative actions

CIP
Centro Inteligente de Pozos (or Smart Well Center in Spanish, PEMEX acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper IPTC-18736-MS for further technical details

CM
Change Management

The key role of change management in digital transformation is presented by the SPE DSDE here and here

CNCO
TRANSPETRO (Petrobras Transporte S.A.), the PETROBRAS National Operational Control Center (in Portuguese), discussed here


CoE
Centre of Excellence (ENI acronym)

Please see SPE technical papers 167909-MS and IPTC-18017-MS for further technical details


CoRE
Collaborative Real-Time Environments (BP acronym).

Please see SPE 173090-MS for further technical details

CPDEP
Chevron Project Development and Execution Process (Chevron acronym).

Please see SPE 117432-MS for further technical details

CR
Control Room

CRCO
Centre for Remote Controlled Operations (Wintershall DEA acronym)

CRO
Control room operator

CSC
Central Surveillance Center (Shell acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 123147-MS for further technical details

Please also see the SPE JPT article here

CSDC
Central Site Data Center (a legacy Tenneco acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 14068-MS for further technical details


CWE
Collaborative Work Environment (Shell acronym).

See example SPE technical papers 123202-MS,167871-MS, 176817-MS for further technical details.

CWS
Collision Warning System is a mining term, defined by the US Department of Labor Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) as a system that "Provides Equipment Operators with an Awareness of the Location of Nearby Personnel, Light Vehicles, Stationary Structures, and Other Pieces of Equipment through Display Screen in the Operator’s Compartment and through Audible and Visible Alarms"

Please see the MSHA slide presentation here

Cyber Security

Cybersecurity
Cybersecurity is becoming more critical in digital oil and gas operations due to their increased reliance on computer and hardware based systems

The importance of cybersecurity measures in oil and gas operations is discussed in the SPE JPT here

D&C
Drilling and Completions

D&M
Drilling and Measurements

DART
Drilling Automation Real Time, a legacy real-time drilling data exchange initiative written using the CORBA standard, subsequently replaced by WITSML from Energistics, which uses the XML standard

DART Center
Drilling Automation & Remote Technology (DART) Center, a Shell acronym

Please see SPE technical paper 189602-MS for further technical details

DAS
(1) Distributed Acoustic Sensing

(2) Drilling Advisory System, as discussed in the SPE JPT herehere and here

Data analytics
Data analytics is the field of data analysis.  Analytics often involves studying past historic data to research potential trends, to analyse the effects of certain decisions or events, or to evaluate the performance of a given tool or scenario,  The goal of analytics is to improve the business by gaining knowledge which can be used to make imperovements or changes

Definition provided by Priori Analytica

Data lake
A data lake comprises a large collection of data from many disparate sources and systems, both within and outside an organisation

Data mining
Data mining is the methodology of discovering patterns in large data sets using (i) machine learning, (ii) statistical methods and (iii) disparate databases and storage systems

DCC
Drilling Command and Control (legacy Amoco acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 14732-MS for further technical details

DCDSC
Drilling and Completions Decision Support Center (Chevron acronym)

The DCDSC is presented in a youtube video here

DCOC
Digitally connected operation centers (Schlumberger acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 197301-MS for further technical details

DCoE
Digital Centre of Expertise (BP and Shell acronym)

DD
Directional Drilling

DDAP
Data Driven Asset Performance (Total acronym)

DDDP
Data Driven Drilling and Production conference, as held in Aberdeen, Scotland, UK and Houston, Texas, USA


DECC

DEEP
Drilling Execution Efficiency Platform (ConocoPhillips acronym)


DevOps
DevOps is a set of practices that combines software development (i.e. Dev) and IT operations (i.e. Ops), which is complementary with Agile software development methods

DIC
Digital Innovation Centre (Gazprom Neft acronym)

Digital Energy
Digital Energy was the SPE brand for a biennial series of conferences held in Houston, Texas between 2007 and 2015

The SPE Digital Energy Conference technical papers are available via onepetro, for years 2007200920112013 and 2015

Digital oil and gas
Digital oil and gas is an overarching oil industry term that describes how real-time enabed workflows, processes and technologies such as (i) remotely located (e.g. Edge computing) systems and sensors, (ii) digitally enabled hardware, (iii)  data analytics, (iv) machine learning (or ML), (v) artifical intelligence (or AI), (vi) digital twin models and (vii) other digital solution and services change how todays oil industry professionals collaborate on ther operational and investment decisions and deal with the enormous breadth and volumes of data arriving from their global operations.  

Digital Oilfield
Digital Oilfield is an overarching oil and gas industry term that describes the ongoing process of digital transformation of the global oil and gas industry.

Successful digital oilfield strategies consider (i) people. (ii) process (iii) technologies and (iv) organisation, or PPTO.  Management of change is also key.

Regarding digital oilfield technologies in oil and gas, examples include artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML),  the Internet of Things (IoT), virtual and augmented reality, remote and mobile connectivity as well as the cloud, all of which enable operator and service companies to aggregate, analyze and proactively respond in real-time , thereby improving and optimizing hydrocarbon productivity, proactively reducing operating costs and working to reduce the HSEQ risks associated with their remotely located oil and gas operations.

Digital twin
Digital twin is a digital representation of a real-world physical asset or infrastucture system and its processes

Digital twins are presented and discussed in the December 2019 issue of the SPE JPT.

DigitUP
DigitUP is the digitalization initiative of the OMV Upstream division

DIMC
Drilling Information Management Center (Exxon acronym)


DKPI
Drilling Key Performance Indicator (legacy Anadarko, now Occidental Petroleum (Oxy) acronym)

DL
Deep Learning (Occidental Petroleum (Oxy) acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 199584-MS for further technical details of their data analytics methods


DMC
Drilling Management Center (Gazprom Neft acronym)

DOF
Digital Oilfield

DOFF
Digital Oilfield of the Future

Please see SPE technical paper 123096-MS for further technical details

The DOFF concept was introduced by Cambridge Energy Research Associates (CERA) in the c. 2001-2002 time frame

DOFIAC
Digital Oil Field International Academic Conference, a biennial series of digital oilfield conferences held in China

DOMC
Drilling Operations and Monitoring Centre (PETRONAS acronym)

See example SPE technical paper 180580-MS for further technical details

DPCC

DrillX
Drilling eXperts (Total acronym) is a strategic digital program aiming to deliver advanced real-time drilling data analytics to improve the safety and performance of the Total global drilling operations

As a specific use case example, Total present and discuss their DrillX kick prediction algorithm here

DRTMC
Drilling Real-Time Monitoring Center (ADNOC acronym)

DSA
Drilling Systems Automation

Please see SPE technical paper 163412-MS for further technical details



DSC
(i) Decision Support Center (Chevron acronym) (ii) Drilling Support Center (TNK-BP acronym) and (iii) Drilling Support Center (Gazprom Neft acronym)

For the Chevron DSC acronym, please see SPE technical paper SPE-196297-MS for further technical details

For the TNK-BP DSC acronym, please see SPE technical paper SPE-160501-MS for further technical details

The Gazprom Neft DSC is described here

DSDE
Data Science and Digital Engineering in Upstream Oil and Gas (DSDE) is an online publication from the SPE that presents the evolving landscape of data management in the oil and gas industry.

DSM
Drill Site Manager (Chevron acronym)


DVC
Data Visualization Center (Veritas acronym)

For further details, please see SPE-56838-OGER

DVR
Data Validation and Recognition (Total acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 112517-MS for further technical details

DW (or DWH)
A Data Warehouse is a central repository of integrated data from one or more disparate sources, with further capabilities for (i) reporting and (ii) data analysis.

DW (or DWH) is a core component of business intelligence (BI).

DWIP
Drilling & Wells Improvement Program (or … Deepwater Improvement Process) (Total acronym)

DWOP
(1) Drill Well On Paper, a preplanning well construction process performed before spudding and drilling a wellbore

(2) Deepwater Operations Plan. a document required by the BSEE that provides sufficient information to review the deepwater development project from a “total system” approach, emphasizing operational safety and environmental protection  

e-Field
Electric Oilfield

Please see SPE technical papers 68189-MS and 119681-MS for further technical details

E&P
Exploration and Production


EBS
Exception Based Surveillance (Shell acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 127860-MS for further technical details

ECD
Equivalent Circulating Density

Edge computing
Edge computing brings computation and data storage capabilities near to where it is actually needed, thereby improving hardware response times and reducing data transmission bandwidth

EDSC
Equipment Decision Support Center (Chevron acronym)

EDW
Enterprise Data Warehouse, please see entry for Data Warehouse

EHS (aka HSE and HSEQ and QHSE)

EMS
Events Management System (Total acronym)

Energy in Data
Energy in Data Conference, a joint society data conference held by the AAPG, SEG,and SPE,

EOR
Enhanced Oil Recovery, also termed tertiary recovery

Chevrons use of EOR methods is presented here

ERA
Electronic Asset Development (Gazprom Neft acronym, from Russian)


ESD
(i) Equivalent Static Density

(ii) Engineering Simulator for Drilling (legacy Amoco acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 14732-MS for further technical details

ESP
Electrical Submersible Pump

ETP
Energistics Transfer Protocol by Energistics

The ETP pilot project was described in the January 2018 issue of World Oil magazine

EXPEC ARC
Exploration and Petroleum Engineering Center - Advanced Research Center (Saudi Aramco acronym)

Geophysics research work at the Saudi Aramco EXPEC ARC is discussed here

FCW
Full Control of Wells (Total acronym)

FDP
Fast Drill Process (Exxon acronym)

See example SPE technical papers 134580-MS , 150208-MS , 151133-MS , 170751-MS  for further technical details

FOF
Facilities of the Future (PETRONAS acronym)

FotF
(1) Field of The Future (BP acronym)

Please see SPE technical papers 99777-MS, 106859-MS, 112145-MS112149-MS and 112194-MS for more technical details

(2) Facilities of The Future (BP acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 111957-MS for further technical details

(3) Facility of The Future  (OGTC acronym)

Fourth Industrial Revolution
The Fourth Industrial Revolution is the current, ongoing transformation of manufacturing and industry methods, combined with the latest smart technologies, such as large-scale machine to machine communication and Internet of Things (IoT) enabled hardware deployments

FPSO or FPU
Floating Production Storage and Offloading

Also known as a floating production unit

The Aker Solutions unmanned FPSO concept is described in the SPE JPT here

Please see SPE technical paper OTC-30905-MS for further technical details

FPWD
Formation Pressure While Drilling

GAIA
Artificial Intelligence Application for Geosciences (Total acronym)

GeDIg
Digital Integrated Management, in Portuguese (Petrobras acronym)

Please see SPE technical papers 112153-MS112191-MS112242-MS and 128675-MS for further technical details

GIOp
Integrated Operations Management, in Portuguese (Petrobras acronym)

Please see SPE technical papers 150061-MS and 150233-MS for further technical details

GMG
Global Mining Guidelines Group is a mining industry-led open platform designed to develop knowledge, educate and provide guidance to the global mining industry

GNOC
Gas Network Operations Centre (Petroleum Development Oman LLC (PDO) acronym

The PDO GNOC is presented on youtube here  and here

GOC
(1) Geo Operations Centre (Equinor acronym)

The Equinor GOC is discussed in the SPE JPT here

(2) Geosteering Operations Center (Saudi Aramco acronym)

HIVE
Highly Immersive Virtual Environment (BP acronym)

HMC
Houston Monitoring Center (BP acronym)

See SPE technical paper 173090-MS for further technical details

HPHT
High Pressure High Temperature

Please see SPE technical paper 163376-MS for further technical details


i-Field
Intelligent Field, or i-Field,  a (i)  Chevron digital oilfield initiative and (ii) Saudi Aramco digital oilfield initiative

(i)  The Chevron i-Field strategy is presented in example SPE technical papers, see 99548-MS112260-MS140640-MS for further technical details

(ii) The Saudi Aramco i-Field strategy is presented in example SPE technical papers, see 112201-MS123540-MS128837-MS for further technical details



ICE
Integrated Collaboration Environment (BG Group acronym)

Please see SPE technical papers 112121-MS and 128413-MS for further technical details


IDAPS
Influx Detection At Pumps Stopped (Shell acronym)

See example SPE technical paper 178821-PA  for further technical details

IDAS
Intelligent Drilling Advisory System

Please see SPE technical paper IPTC-19269-MS for further technical details

IDOC
International Digital Oilfield Conference

IDW
Integrated Data Warehouse (ConocoPhillips acronym)

IFC
Intelligent Field Center (Saudi Aramco acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 128469-MS for further technical details

IFDC

ILT
Invisible Lost Time

Intelligent Energy
Intelligent Energy was the SPE brand for a biennial series of European and Middle East conferences held between 2006 and 2016

The SPE Intelligent Energy Conference technical papers are available via onepetro, for years 20062008201020122014, and 2016

Intelligent Oilfield
To learn more about the Intelligent Oilfield concept, please see SPE technical papers 110729-MS and 156117-MS for further technical details

IO
Integrated Operations, the Norwegian term for Digital Oilfield

Please see the Center for Integrated Operations website for more details

IOC
IOC can mean (i) Integrated Operations Center (Equinor acronym)

... or ... (ii) International Oil Company

iOF
Integrated Operations of the Future (ConocoPhillips acronym)



IROC
Integrated Remote Operations Centre (BHP acronym)

The BHP IROC is outlined here

iScope
iScope is the name for Shell's Virtual Reality (VR) Centre, which is located at Rijswijk in the Netherlands


ISO 11064
ISO 11064 , the ISO standard for the  ergonomic design of control centres


ISO 16530
ISO 16530, the ISO standard for well integrity

ISO/TS 17969
ISO/TS 17969 , the ISO guidelines on competency management for well operations personnel

IT
Information Technology

IT&S
Information Technology and Systems (BP acronym)

iValue
iValue, a legacy BG Group digital oilfield initiative

See example SPE technical paper 112122-MS for further technical details

JSON
JavaScript Object Notation is a lightweight data-interchange format

In 2020, Energistics stated they are defining a JSON Style Guide for Upstream Data Exchange Standards

The current Open Subsurface Data Universe (OSDU) initiative to build a common data platform for the energy industry uses JSON


KwIDF
Kuwait Integrated Digital Field (Kuwait Oil Company acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 197811-MS for further technical details




LNG
Liquefied Natural Gas


M-PACT
Maersk Planning Advisory & Collaboration Team (legacy Maersk Oil (now Total) acronym)

Manage by Exception
Manage by Exception is where you only look at things which are an exception to, or are significantly different from an expected result of the process





MOC
(i) Management of Change (aka Change Management)

The key role of change management in digital transformation is presented by the SPE DSDE here and here

(ii) Mobile Operational Center (Gazprom Neft term)

Modbus
Modbus,  a data communications protocol used with programmable logic controllers (PLCs).

MODU
Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit

MotF
Mine of the Future™ is a Rio Tinto acronym used for the application of digital and automation solutions and processes to their global mining operations

The Rio Tinto Mine of the Future™ is show on youtube here  


MPDS
Multi-purpose dynamic simulator (Shell acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper OTC-30838-MS for further technical details

MPSC
Machinery and Power Support Center (Chevron acronym).  The MPSC is located in the Chevron Houston offices.

The Chevron MPSC is described in a youtube video here

MRC
Maximum Reservoir Contact wells (Saudi Aramco acronym)

Please see SPE technical papers 85307-MS and 108806-DL for further technical details

MRC wells are discussed in the SPE JPT here

MSE
Mechanical Specific Energy

See example SPE technical papers 92194-MS102210-MS for further technical details


MW
Mud Weight


NAM
Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij BV, a joint venture (JV) between Shell and ExxonMobil for the Groningen Gas Field in the Netherlands

Please see SPE technical paper 136927-MS for further technical details on remote operations at NAM

NCS
Norwegian Continental Shelf


NGM
Next Generation Mining is the BHP program for their autonomous mining strategy

NOC
National Oil Company

NOOC
New Orleans real-time operations center (Shell acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 92605-MS for further technical details

NOPSEMA
National Offshore Petroleum Safety and Environmental Management Authority is Australia's independent regulator for health and safety, well integrity and environmental management for offshore oil and gas activities


NPT
Non-Productive Time

O&G
Oil and Gas


OCC
(1) Operational Control Center (Petrobras acronym)

(2) Operations Coordination Center (Saudi Aramco acronym)

(3) Operations Control Center (Sanchez Energy acronym)

OCWR
Overall Control of Well and Riser (Total acronym)

ODATA
Open Data Protocol, an open data exchange protocol from Microsoft that provides RESTful APIs

ODC
Onshore Drilling Center (ConocoPhillips acronym)

See SPE technical papers 84167-MS and 111372-MS for further technical details

ODCP
Operations and Design Challenge Process (StepChange Global acronym)

Please see the relevant StepChange Global web page describing ODCP here

OGA
Oil and Gas Authority (OGA), the UK oil and gas regulator


OGTC
The Oil and Gas Technology Centre is located in Aberdeen, UK.  The OGTC was established in October 2016 with the mission to be the go-to technology centre for the oil and gas industry.

The OGTC has seven solution centres focused upon: (1) Asset Integrity, (2) Wells, (3) Marginal Developments, (4) Decommissioning, (5) Digital Transformation, (6) Subsurface and (7) Net Zero

OI
Operational Intelligence, the ability to analyse information to predict future performance

Please see the StepChange Global page here

OMF
Open Mining Format, an open-source file specification to support data interchange across the entire mining community

The OMF project group is a part of the Global Mining Guidelines Group (GMG)

OMS
Operations management system (often used in mining operations)

OOC
Onshore Operations Centre (BP and ConocoPhillips acronym)

OPC
Onshore Project Centre (ConocoPhillips acronym)

Also, see operation centre (OPC), a legacy Hydro (now Equinor) acronym, see SPE technical paper 110399-MS for further details.


OPEC
Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

Operate by Exception
To Operate by Exception is where you only go to a remote site when you (i) plan a visit or (ii) there is an exception


OSC
Onshore Support Center (Statoil / Equinor acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 90367-MS for further technical details

OSCC
Onshore Support & Control Center (Exxon acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper OTC-28821-MS for further technical details


OSPAS
Oil Supply Planning and Scheduling (Saudi Aramco acronym)

OSS
Operational Support System (Sanchez Energy acronym)

OTC

P&A
Plug and Abandon

Panorama Digital Command Center
Panorama Digital Command Center, an ADNOC Integrated Operations facility located in the United Arab Emirates

The Panorama Digital Command Center is featured on video here

PCC
Primary Control Center (Santos Ltd acronym)


PDA
Predictive Drilling Analytics (Total (formerly Maersk Oil) acronym)

PDC
Production Center (ConocoPhillips acronym)

PHD
Production Historian Database (OMV acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 176485-MS for further technical details

PINTAR
PETRONAS Integrated And Real-time Operations (PETRONAS acronym)

PINTAR is described in the PETRONAS presentations at POSC  (i) here and (ii) here


PLCC
Pipe Line Control Center (Chevron acronym)

The Chevron PLCC is described here

PMC
Project Management Centre (Gazprom Neft acronym)

POA
The BP Plant Operations Advisor analyses more than 150 million data points in real time across 1,200 mission-critical pieces of equipment.

POC
(i) Performance Optimization Center (Shell acronym)

(ii) Production Optimization Centre (a ConocoPhillips acronym)

POG
Production Optimisation Group (Equinor acronym)


PPTO
People, Process, Technology and Organization

Predictive Analytics
Predictive Analytics includes a wide variety of mathematical and statistical techniques such as (i) data mining, (ii) modelling and (iii) machine learning, to analyze real-time, dynamic and static structured and unstructured datasets, in order to make predictions

Priori Analytica defines predictive analytics as the branch of the advanced analyics which is used to make predictions about unknown future events

Prescriptive analytics
Prescriptive analytics is defined by Priori Analytica as the area of analytics dedicated to finding the best course of action for a given situation

Prescriptive analytics is related to both descriptive and predictive analytics

PRODML
PRODuction xML , an Energistics data standard  


PRTVC
PETRONAS Real Time Visualization Center (PETRONAS acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper OTC-26858-MS for further technical details

PWD
pressure while drilling

QA/QC
Quality Assurance/Quality Control

RAID
Remote Assistance Intervention and Diagnosis (Total acronym)

RAO
Remote Assisted Operations (Shell acronym)

See example SPE technical papers 127861-MS and 181083-MS for further technical details

RAPID
Rig Automation and Performance Improvement in Drilling is a driling automation research consortium based at the University of Texas in the United States.

RAPID is discussed in the SPE JPT here and  here

RCC
Remote Collaboration Center (BP acronym)

RCR
Remote Control Room (Shell acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 181083-MS for further technical details

RDAS
Rig-based Drilling Advisory System (Apache Corporation acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 194184-MS for further technical details

RDOC
Real-time Drilling and Optimization Centre (Chevron acronym)

RESQML
REScue xML, an Energistics data standard)

The acronym 'RESCUE' stands for REServoir Characterization Using Epicentre, a legacy geomodel data exchange standard


Rig of the Future
Rig of the Future is a Schlumberger initiative to provide an open and scalable well construction platform using open source architecture

Rig of the Future is discussed in IADC Drilling Contractor magazine here

Rigline 24/7 Support Center
Nabors operate their Rigline 24/7™ Support Center to support their remote drilling and well operations

RIPS
Real-Time Information Processing System (Equinor acronym)

RMM
Remote Metering Monitoring (Total acronym)


ROC
(1) Remote Operations Centre (a Rio Tinto, or RTZ acronym)

The Rio Tinto ROC role in their mining integrated operations in Pilbara, Australia is described here and shown in videos here and here

(2) Refinery Optimization Center (Chevron acronym)

The Chevron ROC at the El Segundo Refinery in California, USA is described here and here 

(3) Remote Operating Center (Murphy Oil acronym)

ROP
Rate Of Penetration


RPM
(1) Revolutions Per Minute

(2) Reservoir pressure maintenance (Tatneft acronym)

Please see OIJ technical paper OIJ-2017-10-120-124-RU for further technical details (NB in Russian)

RPSEA
Research Partnership to Secure Energy for America, a consortium of premier U.S. energy industry, research universities, independent research organizations, and foundations collaborating with state and federal agencies so as to meet the US hydrocarbon based resource requirements


RT
Real-Time

RTC
Real-Time Center

RTD
Real-Time Drilling (a legacy Anadarko, now Occidental Petroleum acronym)

Please see SPE technical papers 194096-MS196228-MS and 199584-MS for further technical details of their data analytics methods

Please also see the SPE JPT article here

RTDC
Real-Time Drilling Centre (ENI acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper IPTC-18017-MS for further technical details

RTDDC
Real-Time Drilling Decision Center (Kuwait Oil Company acronym)

See example SPE technical paper 172740-MS for further technical details

RTDS
Real-time Drilling Data Services (Equinor acronym) ...or ... real-time data services (Schlumberger acronym)

RTHS
real-time hydraulics system  (Shell acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 92605-MS for further technical details

RTM
(1) Real-Time Monitoring (Chevron acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 179368-MS for further technical details

(2) Real-Time Monitoring is the Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement process that allows personnel to remotely observe, review, and evaluate real-time data for (i) well control purposes; (ii) performance improvements and (iii) condition based maintenance  

RTO
Real-time operations

RTOC
Real-Time Operations Center (a Halliburton, Hess, Saudi Aramco and Shell acronym)

The Halliburton Real-Time Operations Support services are described here

The Hess RTOC initiative is described here

The Saudi Aramco RTOC initiative is described in SPE technical paper SPE-125339-MS

The Shell RTOC initiative is described in SPE technical paper IPTC-17583-MS

Data analytics within RTOCs is discussed in the SPE JPT here

RTOS
Real-time Operations Support (Schlumberger acronym)

RTPO
Real-Time Production Operations (Petrobras and Halliburton acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 138316-MS for further technical details

RTS
Real-time Surveillance System (Shell acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper OTC-30838-MS for further technical details

RTSC
(1) Real Time Support Center (Total acronym)

The RTSC is located in Pau, France.  This shared smart room monitors key parameters from remote drilling operations and can detect any deviations and abnormalities in real time

(2) Real Time Support Center (Petrobras acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 199077-MS for further technical details

RTWOC
Real-Time Well Operations Centre (ENI aconym)

Please see SPE technical paper IPTC-18017-MS for  more technical details

RTWS
Real Time Well Solution (PETRONAS acronym)

See example SPE technical paper 180580-MS for further technical details



SCR
Remote Control Rooms (Petrobras acronym, from Portuguese)

SDGS
Slide Drilling Guidance System (legacy Anadarko, now Occidental Petroleum (Oxy) acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 194096-MS for further technical details

Please also see the SPE JPT article here

SDOMC
Smart Drilling Optimization Monitoring Centre (PETRONAS acronym)

See example SPE technical paper 180580-MS for further technical details


SIMOPS
Simultaneous Operations

Situational Awareness

Smart Fields
Smart Fields a Shell digital oilfield initiative

The Shell Smart Fields initiative is described here, and in the various SPE technical papers listed here

Smart Wells
Smart Wells (Shell terminology)

The Shell Smart Wells initiative is described here


SMR
Smart Metering Room (Total acronym)

SMW
Smart Mobile Worker (Shell acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 181083-MS for further technical details

SOIL
SOIL is a fully managed high-performance communications network hub in operation in the North Sea



SSC
Subsurface Support Centre (Equinor acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper 123218-MS for further technical details

STC
Science & Technology Centre (Gazprom Neft acronym)

T&D
Torque and Drag

Thamama Subsurface Collaboration Center
Thamama Subsurface Collaboration Center, an ADNOC Integrated Operations facility located in the United Arab Emirates

The Thamama Subsurface Collaboration Center is featured on video here


TotF

TRB
The Transportation Research Board is one of seven major divisions of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine in the United States

In 2016, the TRB published their Special Report 322 entitled "Application of Remote Real-Time Monitoring to Offshore Oil and Gas Operations", which is available for download here and here


TVDSS
True Vertical Depth Sub Sea is defined as TVD minus the elevation above mean sea level of the depth reference point of the well

UAV
An unmanned aerial vehicle or UAV is also known as a drone and is used in oil and gas as well as mining operations to access and gather data from remote and difficult locations

Chevrons use of UAVs in their global O&G operations is described here

BHPs use of UAVs in their global mining operations is described here

UBD
Underbalanced Drilling

UCC
Upstream Control Center (Gazpromneft-Khantos acronym)

UPCC
Upstream Production Control Centre (Gazprom Neft acronym)

UPDC
Upstream Professional Development Center (Saudi Aramco acronym)

See example SPE technical paper 145235-MS for further technical details

VDE
Virtual Drilling Environment (ENI acronym)

Please see SPE technical paper IPTC-20267-MS for further technical details

VR
Virtual Reality is a 3D simulated experience that can be used to model the real world

In oil and gas, VR technology is used to model surface facilities and subsurface petrotechnical systems

For example, the OMV 3D seismic Visualization Center is shown in youtube videos here and here

In mining, VR technology is used to create innovative solutions for strategic issues, as demonstrated by Vale here


WebSocket
WebSocket, a full-duplex computer communications protocol

WellCon
Well Construction Center (Devon Energy acronym)

WellDECC
Well Design and Execution Collaboration Center (Chevron acronym)

See example SPE technical papers 117432-MS and 151977-MS for further technical details

WELLS RTC (or WRTC)
Wells Real-Time Centre (PETRONAS acronym)

See example SPE technical papers 188904-MS and OTC-28598-MS for further technical details

WellVantage
WellVantage, the Shell Integrated Operations program

WFT
Wireline Formation Testing



WPM
Well Performance Monitoring (Total acronym)

XML
Extensible Markup Language (XML)

The Energistics data exchange standards are based on XML